ENSO–cave drip water hydrochemical relationship: a 7-year dataset from south-eastern Australia

Speleothems (cave deposits), used for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, are deposited from cave drip water. Differentiating climate and karst processes within a drip-water signal is fundamental for the correct identification of palaeoenvironmental proxies and ultimately their interpretation within speleothem records. We investigate ...
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The effects of fire on the thermal stability of permafrost in lowland and upland black spruce forests of interior Alaska in a changing climate

Fire is an important factor controlling the composition and thickness of the organic layer in the black spruce forest ecosystems of interior Alaska. Fire that burns the organic layer can trigger dramatic changes in the underlying permafrost, leading to accelerated ...
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flood forecasting

The NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed Soil Moisture Observing Networks: Design, Instrumentation, and Preliminary Results

The NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed (HMT) program has deployed soil moisture observing networks in the watersheds of the Russian River and the North Fork (NF) of the American River in northern California, and the San Pedro River in southeastern Arizona. These ...
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carbon cycle

SMAP (Soil Moisture Active Passive) Handbook: Mapping Soil Moisture and Freeze/Thaw from Space

Soil moisture is a primary state variable of hydrology and the water cycle over land. In diverse Earth and environmental science disciplines, this state variable is either an initial condition or a boundary condition of relevant hydrologic models. Applications such ...
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